• Anglický jazyk

Central Intelligence Agency operations

Autor: Source: Wikipedia

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 167. Chapters: Project MKULTRA, Contras, Rendon Group, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Operation Mockingbird, Operation Gladio, Extraordinary rendition by the United States, Covert United States foreign regime change actions, 1953 Iranian... Viac o knihe

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 167. Chapters: Project MKULTRA, Contras, Rendon Group, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Operation Mockingbird, Operation Gladio, Extraordinary rendition by the United States, Covert United States foreign regime change actions, 1953 Iranian coup d'état, Black site, Laotian Civil War, 1973 Chilean coup d'état, United States intervention in Chile, Abu Omar case, 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état, Khalid El-Masri, Operation Cyclone, Stargate Project, Project Azorian, Plausible deniability, Battalion 3-16, Church Committee, Cuban Project, Habbush letter, Operation Charly, Phoenix Program, Tepper Aviation, Gladio in Italy, Operation 40, CIA drug trafficking, Project Dark Gene, Farewell Dossier, Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare, Edgewood Arsenal experiments, Operation CHAOS, Operation Gold, JMWAVE, Roni Bowers, Siberian pipeline sabotage, Gerry Droller, Project MKNAOMI, Project FUBELT, Operation IA Feature, National Security Archive, Operation Dormouse, PBHistory, Premier Executive Transport Services, William Robert Plumlee, Operation Kugown, Project ARTICHOKE, Civilian Irregular Defense Group program, Project MKDELTA, Acoustic Kitty, Operation Merlin, Operation PBFORTUNE, Argo 16, Operation MIAS, J.C. King, Project COLDFEET, Operation Midnight Climax, Peshawar Air Station, American Committee on United Europe, Amalgam Virgo, Project RESISTANCE, Project CHATTER, HTLINGUAL, Project MERRIMAC, Subproject 22, Operation WASHTUB, Project MKOFTEN, Operation Kufire, European Youth Campaign, Joint Advisory Commission, Korea, Operation Matador, Extraordinary repatriation, Project MKCHICKWIT. Excerpt: Operation Gladio (Italian: ) is the codename for a clandestine NATO "stay-behind" operation in Italy after World War II. Its purpose was to continue anti-communist actions in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion of Western Europe. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, "Operation Gladio" is used as an informal name for all stay-behind organizations, sometimes called "Super NATO". The name Gladio is the Italian form of gladius, a type of Roman shortsword. Operating in many NATO and even some neutral countries, Gladio was part of a series of national operations first coordinated by the Clandestine Committee of the Western Union (CCWU), founded in 1948. After the creation of NATO in 1949, the CCWU was integrated into the Clandestine Planning Committee (CPC), founded in 1951 and overseen by SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe), transferred to Belgium after France's official withdrawal from NATO's Military Committee in 1966 - which was not followed by the dissolution of the French stay-behind paramilitary movements. The role of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in sponsoring Gladio and the extent of its activities during the Cold War era, and its relationship to right-wing terrorist attacks perpetrated in Italy during the Years of Lead and other similar clandestine operations is the subject of ongoing debate and investigation. Italy, Switzerland and Belgium have had parliamentary inquiries into the matter. The origin of Gladio can be traced to the so-called "secret anti-Communist NATO protocols", which were allegedly protocols committing the secret services of NATO member states to work to prevent communist parties from coming to power in Western Europe. According to the Italian researcher Mario Coglitore, the protocols required member states to guarantee alignment wi...

  • Vydavateľstvo: Books LLC, Reference Series
  • Rok vydania: 2011
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 246 x 189 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9781156418604

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