• Anglický jazyk

Cognitive biases

Autor: Source: Wikipedia

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 159. Chapters: Cultural bias, Gambler's fallacy, Cognitive bias, Confirmation bias, Sunk costs, Bandwagon effect, Cognitive dissonance, Mindset, List of cognitive biases, Fuzzy-trace theory, Illusory superiority, Locus of control,... Viac o knihe

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 159. Chapters: Cultural bias, Gambler's fallacy, Cognitive bias, Confirmation bias, Sunk costs, Bandwagon effect, Cognitive dissonance, Mindset, List of cognitive biases, Fuzzy-trace theory, Illusory superiority, Locus of control, Hindsight bias, Self-fulfilling prophecy, Positive illusions, Introspection illusion, Hawthorne effect, Choice-supportive bias, Illusion of control, Fundamental attribution error, Magical thinking, Self-deception, False memory syndrome, Pareidolia, Attribute substitution, Spacing effect, Bias of an estimator, Inequity aversion, Publication bias, Hyperbolic discounting, Dunning-Kruger effect, Data dredging, Optimism bias, Cognitive distortion, Psychological projection, Rationalization, Loss aversion, Cognitive closure, Psychological pricing, Generation effect, List of memory biases, Overconfidence effect, Attitude polarization, Familiarity heuristic, Apophenia, Pygmalion effect, Self-serving bias, Affective forecasting, Availability heuristic, Framing effect, Exposure effect, Exaggeration, Halo effect, Serial position effect, Overjustification effect, Lost in the mall technique, Base rate fallacy, Planning fallacy, Physical attractiveness stereotype, Regression fallacy, Ludic fallacy, Contrast effect, Anchoring, Hostile media effect, Just-world phenomenon, Forer effect, False consensus effect, Affect heuristic, Illusory correlation, Normalcy bias, Experimenter's regress, Negativity bias, Conjunction fallacy, Congruence bias, Wishful thinking, True-believer syndrome, Neglect of probability, Adaptive bias, Minimisation, Attentional bias, Clustering illusion, Name letter effect, Bias blind spot, Endowment effect, Ambiguity effect, Self-defeating prophecy, Belief bias, Ben Franklin effect, Recall bias, Selective perception, Distinction bias, Information bias, Pollyanna principle, Acquiescence bias, Empathy gap, Observer-expectancy effect, Attributional bias, Subadditivity effect, Pseudocertainty effect, Misinformation effect, Positivity offset, Response bias, Positivity effect, Valence effect, Affective filter, Black-dog bias, Self-propaganda, Well travelled road effect, Pessimism bias, Realism theory, Negativity effect, Subject-expectancy effect, Rosy retrospection, Outcome bias, Post-purchase rationalization, Impact bias, Omission bias, Status quo bias, Out-group homogeneity bias, Subjective validation, Perceptual psychology, Precision bias, Ingroup bias, Implicit cognition, Déformation professionnelle, Peak-end rule, Worse-than-average effect, Picture superiority effect, Von Restorff effect, Illusion of transparency, Group attribution error, Extraordinarity bias, Illusion of asymmetric insight, Egocentric bias, Moral credential, Zero-risk bias, Group-serving bias, Hot hand fallacy, Trait ascription bias, Social comparison bias, Recency principle, Deindividualisation, Denomination effect, Scarcity heuristic, Fluency heuristic. Excerpt: Confirmation bias (also called confirmatory bias or myside bias) is a tendency for people to favor information that confirms their preconceptions or hypotheses regardless of whether the information is true. As a result, people gather evidence and recall information from memory selectively, and interpret it in a biased way. The biases appear in particular for emotionally significant issues and for established beliefs. For example, in reading about gun control, people usually prefer sources that affirm their existing attitudes. They also tend to interpret am...

  • Vydavateľstvo: Books LLC, Reference Series
  • Rok vydania: 2011
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 246 x 189 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9781156945803

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