• Anglický jazyk

Romanian diplomats

Autor: Source: Wikipedia

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 111. Chapters: Ion Antonescu, Mircea Eliade, Ion Heliade Radulescu, Take Ionescu, Emil Isac, Eugen Filotti, Alexandru Averescu, Sever Voinescu, Grigore Cugler, Duiliu Zamfirescu, Silviu Brucan, Mihail Farcasanu, Neagu Djuvara, Cristian... Viac o knihe

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 111. Chapters: Ion Antonescu, Mircea Eliade, Ion Heliade Radulescu, Take Ionescu, Emil Isac, Eugen Filotti, Alexandru Averescu, Sever Voinescu, Grigore Cugler, Duiliu Zamfirescu, Silviu Brucan, Mihail Farcasanu, Neagu Djuvara, Cristian Diaconescu, Adrian Nastase, Grigore Moisil, Ion I. C. Bratianu, Ion Vincze, Iorgu Iordan, Mircea Cosea, Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen, Mircea Geoana, Constantin Karadja, Radu Irimescu, Vladimir Ghika, Gheorghe Apostol, Ion Ghica, Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, Mircea Raceanu, Antoine Bibesco, Simona Miculescu, Constantin Virgil Gheorghiu, Matila Ghyka, Vasile Stoica, Dumitru Damaceanu, Nicolae Titulescu, Alexandru Paleologu, Alexandru Odobescu, Theodor Paleologu, Mihail R. Sturdza, Grigore Gafencu, Petre P. Carp, Vintila Horia, Ioan Talpe¿, Raoul Bossy, Simion Stoilow, Tahsin Gemil, Vasile Soare, Corneliu Manescu, Alexandru G. Golescu, Filip Teodorescu, Constantin Antoniade, Ienachita Vacarescu, Mihnea Motoc, Savel Radulescu, Alexandru Sturdza, Michel Valsan, Constantin Langa-Rascanu, Alexandru Davila, Marius Lazurca, Adrian Balanescu, Oscar Walter Cisek, Dimitrie Draghicescu, Dimitrie I. Ghika, Constantin Visoianu, Titus Corlatean, Caius Brediceanu, Barbu Stirbey, Marin Ceausescu, Marcel Dinu, Lia Roberts, Victor Cadere, Victor Bârsan, Vasile Grigorcea, List of Romanian diplomats, Nicolae Lahovary, Alexandru Busuioceanu, Constantin Grigorie, Constantin Angelescu, Theodor Emandi, Mihail Arion, Alexandru Guranescu. Excerpt: Ion Victor Antonescu (Romanian pronunciation: ; June 15, 1882 - June 1, 1946) was a Romanian soldier, authoritarian politician and convicted war criminal. The Prime Minister and Conducator during most of World War II, he presided over two successive wartime dictatorships. A Romanian Army career officer who made his name during the 1907 peasants' revolt and the World War I Romanian Campaign, the antisemitic Antonescu sympathized with the far right and fascist National Christian and Iron Guard groups for much of the interwar period. He was a military attaché to France and later Chief of the General Staff, briefly serving as Defense Minister in the National Christian cabinet of Octavian Goga. During the late 1930s, his political stance brought him into conflict with King Carol II and led to his detainment. Antonescu nevertheless rose to political prominence during the political crisis of 1940, and established the National Legionary State, an uneasy partnership with the Iron Guard's leader Horia Sima. After entering Romania into an alliance with Nazi Germany and the Axis and ensuring Adolf Hitler's confidence, he eliminated the Guard during the Legionary Rebellion of 1941. In addition to leadership of the executive, he assumed the offices of Foreign Affairs and Defense Minister. Soon after Romania joined the Axis in Operation Barbarossa, recovering Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Antonescu also became Marshal of Romania. An atypical figure among Holocaust perpetrators, Antonescu enforced policies independently responsible for the deaths of as many as 400,000 people, most of them Bessarabian, Ukrainian and Romanian Jews, as well as Romani Romanians. The regime's complicity in the Holocaust combined pogroms and mass murders such as the Odessa massacre with ethnic cleansing, systematic deportations to occupied Transnistria and widespread criminal negligence. The system in place was nevertheless characterized by singular inconsistencies, prioritizing plunder over killing,

  • Vydavateľstvo: Books LLC, Reference Series
  • Rok vydania: 2011
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 246 x 189 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9781157340676

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