• Anglický jazyk

Well logging

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 84. Chapters: Oil wells, List of oil field acronyms, Hydraulic fracturing, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, Blowout preventer, Wireline, Completion, Core sample, Drill string, Artificial lift, Coiled... Viac o knihe

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 84. Chapters: Oil wells, List of oil field acronyms, Hydraulic fracturing, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, Blowout preventer, Wireline, Completion, Core sample, Drill string, Artificial lift, Coiled tubing, Subsea, Christmas tree, Well control, Well kill, THUMS Islands, Archie's law, Submersible pump, Casing, Snubbing, Welltec, Downhole safety valve, Schlumberger brothers, Well stimulation, Formation evaluation neutron porosity, Cameron ram-type blowout preventer, Gamma ray logging, Well intervention, Production packer, Wellhead, Workover, Spontaneous potential logging, MAASP, Well integrity, Well services, Pumping, Annulus, Carbon dioxide flooding, Density logging, Resistivity logging, Top kill, Drilling fluid invasion, Exploration Logging Company, Cement bond log, Sliding sleeve, Thorla-McKee Well, Production tubing, Brigham Young Oil Well, Caliper log, Mudrock line, Log ASCII Standard, Sonic logging, Coiled tubing umbilical, Soviet nuclear well collapses, Relief well, Tubing hanger, Franek, Cyberbase. Excerpt: The Oil and Gas industry uses many acronyms and abbreviations. Obviously, this list is not anywhere near exhaustive or definitive. It is an amalgam of user contributions. It is contextual and is meant for indicative purposes only. It should not be relied upon for anything but general information. Hydraulic fracturing, often called fracking, fracing or hydrofracking, is the process of initiating and subsequently propagating a fracture in a rock layer, employing the pressure of a fluid as the source of energy. The fracturing, known as a frack job (or frac job), is done from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations, in order to increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of oil and natural gas. Hydraulic fractures may be natural or man-made and are extended by internal fluid pressure which opens the fracture and causes it to extend through the rock. Natural hydraulic fractures include igneous dikes, sills and fracturing by ice as in frost weathering. Man-made fluid-driven fractures are formed at depth in a borehole and extend into targeted formations. The fracture width is typically maintained after the injection by introducing a proppant into the injected fluid. Proppant is a material, such as grains of sand, ceramic, or other particulates, that prevent the fractures from closing when the injection is stopped. Considerable controversy surrounds the current implementation of hydraulic fracturing technology in the United States. Environmental safety and health concerns have emerged and are being debated at the state and national levels. Hydraulic fracturing for stimulation of oil and natural gas wells was first used in the United States in 1947. It was first used commercially by Halliburton in 1949, and because of its success in increasing production from oil wells was quickly adopted, and is now used worldwide in tens of thousands of oil and natural gas wells annually. The first industrial use of hydraulic fracturing was as early as 1903, accordin

  • Vydavateľstvo: Books LLC, Reference Series
  • Rok vydania: 2015
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 246 x 189 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9781156673959

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