• Anglický jazyk

World War II military equipment of Italy

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 32. Chapters: World War II naval ships of Italy, World War II tanks of Italy, World War II weapons of Italy, Human torpedo, Italian auxiliary ship Olterra, L3/35, Red Sea Flotilla, Fiat M13/40, Carro Armato P 40, Semovente 75/18,... Viac o knihe

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 32. Chapters: World War II naval ships of Italy, World War II tanks of Italy, World War II weapons of Italy, Human torpedo, Italian auxiliary ship Olterra, L3/35, Red Sea Flotilla, Fiat M13/40, Carro Armato P 40, Semovente 75/18, Yugoslav Navy Yacht Galeb, Fiat M11/39, SS Conte Rosso, Italian ship Ramb III, Jadran, Lancia 3 RO, Cannone navali da 381/40, Fiat L6/40, Eritrea, Semovente 90/53, Italian Army equipment in World War II, L3/33, Semovente da 149/40, Italian ship Ramb IV, 320 mm Model 1934 naval gun, 381mm / 50 Model 1934 naval gun, Fiat M14/41, M15/42 tank, Obice da 105/14, TA48, SPA-Viberti AS.42, Semovente 47/32, Cannone da 65/17 modello 13, List of Italian military vehicles of the Second World War, SPA AS.37, Cannone-Mitragliera da 20/77, Semovente 105/25, TL.37, Semovente 75/34, List of World War II weapons of Italy, Semovente 75/46, Cannone da 70/15, Autocarro blindato Fiat 626 NM, FIAT 634. Excerpt: Human torpedoes or manned torpedoes are a type of rideable submarine used as secret naval weapons in World War II. The basic design is still in use today; they are a type of diver propulsion vehicle. The name was commonly used to refer to the weapons that Italy, and later Britain, deployed in the Mediterranean and used to attack ships in enemy harbours. A group of a dozen countries used the human torpedo, from Italy and Great Britain to Argentina and Egypt, and there are some museums and movies dedicated to this naval weapon. The human torpedo concept is used recreationally for sport diving. Italian manned torpedo, a maiale, at the Royal Navy Submarine Museum.The first human torpedo (the Italian Maiale) was electrically propelled, with two crewmen in diving suits riding astride. They steered the torpedo at slow speed to the enemy ship. The detachable warhead was then used as a limpet mine. They then rode the torpedo away. In operation, the Maiale torpedo was carried by another vessel (usually a normal submarine), and launched near the target. Most manned torpedo operations were at night and during the new moon to cut down the risk of being seen. The idea was successfully applied by the Italian navy (Regia Marina) early in World War II and then copied by the British when they discovered the Italian operations. The official Italian name for their craft was Siluro a Lenta Corsa (SLC or "Slow-running torpedo"), but the Italian operators nicknamed it maiale (Italian for "pig"; plural maiali) because it was difficult to steer. The British copies were named "chariots". A typical manned torpedo has a propeller and hydroplanes at the rear, side hydroplanes in front, and a control panel and controls for its front rider. It usually has two riders who sit facing forwards. It has navigation aids such as a compass, and nowadays modern aids such as sonar and GPS positioning and modulated ultrasound communications gear. It may have an air (or other breathing gas) supply so its ride

  • Vydavateľstvo: Books LLC, Reference Series
  • Rok vydania: 2011
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 246 x 189 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9781157159650

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