• Anglický jazyk

Ideal Gas Law

Autor: Frederic P. Miller

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Ideal gas law is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas. It is a good approximation to the behavior of many gases under many conditions, although it has several limitations. It was first stated by... Viac o knihe

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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Ideal gas law is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas. It is a good approximation to the behavior of many gases under many conditions, although it has several limitations. It was first stated by Émile Clapeyron in 1834 as a combination of Boyle's law and Charles's law. It can also be derived from kinetic theory, as was achieved (apparently independently) by August Krönig in 1856 and Rudolf Clausius in 1857. The state of an amount of gas is determined by its pressure, volume, and temperature. The modern form of the equation is: pV = nRT, where p is the absolute pressure of the gas; V is the volume of the gas; n is the amount of substance of the gas, usually measured in moles; R is the gas constant (which is 8.314472 JK-1mol-1 in SI units ); and T is the absolute temperature. Since it neglects both molecular size and intermolecular attractions, the ideal gas law is most accurate for monatomic gases at high temperatures and low pressures. The neglect of molecular size becomes less important for larger volumes, i.e., for lower pressures.

  • Vydavateľstvo: Alphascript Publishing
  • Rok vydania: 2009
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 220 x 150 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9786130246068

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