• Anglický jazyk

Monoid

Autor: Frederic P. Miller

In abstract algebra, a branch of mathematics, a monoid is an algebraic structure with a single associative binary operation and an identity element. Monoids are studied in semigroup theory as they are naturally semigroups with identity. Monoids occur in... Viac o knihe

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O knihe

In abstract algebra, a branch of mathematics, a monoid is an algebraic structure with a single associative binary operation and an identity element. Monoids are studied in semigroup theory as they are naturally semigroups with identity. Monoids occur in a number of branches of mathematics and capture the idea of function composition; indeed, this notion is abstracted in category theory, where the monoid is a category with one object. Monoids are also commonly used to provide an algebraic foundation for computer science; in this case, the transition monoid and syntactic monoid are used in describing a finite state machine, whereas trace monoids and history monoids provide a foundation for process calculi and concurrent computing. Some of the more important results in the study of monoids are the Krohn-Rhodes theorem and the star height problem. The history of monoids, as well as a discussion of additional general properties, are found in the article on semigroups.

  • Vydavateľstvo: Alphascript Publishing
  • Rok vydania: 2009
  • Formát: Paperback
  • Rozmer: 220 x 150 mm
  • Jazyk: Anglický jazyk
  • ISBN: 9786130237653

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